Six Kinds of Love
In guide titled Colors of Love (1973), J. A. Lee defined six kinds of relationship that could be labeled love.
Eros is intimate, passionate, love–what Tennov labeled limerence. In this sort of relationship, love is life’s many important things. Lee stated a look for real beauty or a type that is ideal typifies this sort of love.
Ludus is really a game-playing or love that is uncommitted. Lying is a component regarding the game. Somebody who pursues love that is ludic have numerous conquests but remains uncommitted.
Storge (STORE-gay) is really a sluggish developing, friendship-based love. People who have this sort of love want to together participate in activities. Lee stated that storge leads to a term that is long by which intercourse may possibly not be very intense or passionate.
Pragma is just a pragmatic, practical, mutually useful relationship. It may be significantly unromantic and it is often called “shopping list” love must be partner is chosen based on a number of faculties or needs. Intercourse will probably be viewed as a matter that is technical necessary for producing kids, if they’re desired.
Mania is an obsessive or love that is possessive jealous and extreme. An individual in love this means probably will make a move crazy or ridiculous, such as for instance stalking. The movie Fatal Attraction had been relating to this kind.
Agape (a-GOP-aye) is all-giving love, maybe not worried about the self, only with the partner, or with individuals requiring compassion. It is known to be reasonably uncommon.
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) unearthed that Lee’s typology had been supported by questionnaire research in two studies with 1,807 and 567 participants, correspondingly. “Six love design scales emerged plainly from element analysis” in both studies.
Just just What six various kinds of love did J. A. Lee define?
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) produced an enjoy personality Scale to identify the six types of love through questionnaire reactions. It had been found in all of the subsequent research on Lee’s love kinds. Check out test questionnaire things:
- Eros: “My partner and I also have actually just the right real chemistry I believe that my spouse and I had been designed for one another. Between us. ” “” “My partner fits my idea standard of real beauty/handsomeness. “
- Ludus: “We have often to help keep my partner from learning about other fans. ” “I am able to conquer love affairs pretty effortlessly and quickly. ” “we enjoy playing the overall game of love with my partner and a great many other lovers. “
- Storge: “Our love may be the kind that is best as it grew away from a long friendship. ” “Our love is actually a deep relationship, maybe maybe not a mystical, mystical feeling. “
- Pragma: “a consideration that is main selecting my partner ended up being exactly how she or he would think about my children. ” “a key point in selecting my partner had been she could be a great moms and dad. Whether he or” “One consideration in selecting my partner had been just exactly exactly how she or he would think on my profession. “
- Mania: “When my partner will not focus on me personally, personally i think ill all over. ” “Since we ahve held it’s place in love with my partner, We have had difficulty focusing on whatever else. ” “we cannot flake out if we suspect that my partner has been another person. “
- Agape: “I would personally instead suffer myself than allow my partner experience. ” “we is not delighted unless we destination my partner’s joy before personal. ” “I would personally endure everything in the interests of my partner. “
Lee predicted guys would endorse Ludus with greater regularity. Initially that appeared to be verified, as Hendrick, Slapion-Foote, and Foote (1985) stated that males had been prone to show the type that is ludic of, while females had been very likely to be storgic or pragmatic.
Nonetheless, Woll (1989) unearthed that “the sole loving style which revealed clear sex distinctions ended up being Eros, on which men scored considerably more than females. ” Some other studies using the adore personality Scale discovered no sex distinctions.
Just just exactly What have researchers discovered, in learning Lee’s six kinds of love?
Partners cheerfully married for more than three decades commonly identify with all the Eros category. This may appear counter-intuitive if one equates eros with intimate attraction just, or with limerence.
Nevertheless, the prefer personality Scale things for Eros emphasize devotion that is passionate than intercourse. Possibly it is really not astonishing that long-married, pleased partners would endorse statements like, “we have been intended for one another. “
A study of 500 pupils in 2 of my basic therapy classes revealed that the initial five kinds had been familiar to over 80% associated with the pupils from their relationships that are own people they knew. But, lower than 10percent of students knew someone who indicated agape.
Which kind of love had been least familiar to pupils within an psychology class that is introductory?
Neto et al. (2000) reported research that is cross-cultural the like Attitude Scale. The authors hypothesized that “factors involving strong individual emotions, such as for instance mania, eros, and agape, could be mostly free from social distinctions” while “factors involving strict rules that are social. Such as for example pragma, storge, and ludus, would be determined by social impacts. “
The authors surveyed 1,157 undergraduates, similarly split between women and men, at universities in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, France, Macao, Mozambique, Portugal, and Switzerland. The outcome supported their hypotheses.
Forms of love involving strong individual emotions had been comparable in every cultures; “cross-cultural distinctions had been extremely moderate. ” Nonetheless, pertaining to Pragma and Storge, “cross-cultural differences were considerable. “
Angolans, Brazilians, Cape Verdians, and Mozambicans were more pragmatic than French and Swiss. The initial three of these countries additionally produced more storgic responses than French or Swiss. “there have been differences that are few genders. “
Gana, Saada, and Untas (2013) were interested in which love styles might correlate with marital satisfaction. They learned 146 couples that are heterosexual. “the outcome revealed that on the list of love designs, just Eros contributed to satisfaction that is marital men and women. “